- When did the pass system start?
- Do you live on a reserve?
- What was the pass?
- What is the largest reserve in Canada?
- What did Bill C 31 do?
- Who created the pass system?
- What is the pass system?
- What did an Indian agent do?
- Are reserves part of Canada?
- Can a white person live on a reservation?
- Why were reserves created in Canada?
- How the Indian Act affect First Nations?
- How did the pass system affect First Nations?
- What powers did the pass system give the government?
- What was the purpose of the pass laws?
- Is the handle to spray the contents?
- Why was the pass system created?
- What was a pass book?
- What does the A in pass stand for?
- How did the First Nations lose their land?
- Why are reserves so poor?
When did the pass system start?
1885The system was introduced in 1885, during the North-West Rebellion, and remained in force for about 60 years.
First Nations who were caught outside their reserve without a pass could be returned to the reserve or imprisoned..
Do you live on a reserve?
Definition. The reserve system is governed by the Indian Act and relates to First Nations bands and people, referred to in a legal context as Indians. Inuit and Métis people normally do not live on reserves, though many live in communities that are governed by land claims or self-government agreements.
What was the pass?
The Pass Laws was a system used to control the movement of Black, Indian and Coloured people in South Africa. The pass said which areas a person was allowed to move through or be in and if a person was found outside of these areas they would be arrested.
What is the largest reserve in Canada?
At 1,413.87 km2 (545.90 sq mi), this is the largest reserve in Canada, and the third most populous after Six Nations and Akwesasne….Blood 148Coat of armsLocation in AlbertaFirst NationKainai NationCountryCanada17 more rows
What did Bill C 31 do?
What is Bill C-31? In 1985, the Indian Act was amended through Bill C-31 to eliminate discriminatory provisions and ensure compliance with the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (the charter). As part of these changes: Indian women who married a non-Indian man no longer lost their Indian status.
Who created the pass system?
Alex WilliamsThe Pass System is an independent production by Alex Williams made with assistance from the Canada Council for the Arts, the Ontario Arts Council and the Toronto Arts Council, with many community supporters, produced in association with Tamarack Productions and distributed in Canada by VTape.
What is the pass system?
Using a Fire Extinguisher. … Discharge the extinguisher within its effective range using the P.A.S.S. technique (pull, aim, squeeze, sweep). Back away from an extinguished fire in case it flames up again.
What did an Indian agent do?
The agency was supervised by an Indian agent, a civilian appointed by the president of the United States to serve as an ambassador to Native American nations living in the region. Agents were responsible for being the eyes, ears, and mouth of the US Bureau of Indian Affairs to Native communities.
Are reserves part of Canada?
Reserves were created as part of the treaty making process with First Nations peoples. … The Indian Act governs all reserves in Canada. The Act outlines that First Nations peoples cannot own title to land on reserve, and the Crown can use reserve land for any reason.
Can a white person live on a reservation?
Must all American Indians and Alaska Natives live on reservations? No. American Indians and Alaska Natives live and work anywhere in the United States (and the world) just as other citizens do.
Why were reserves created in Canada?
Colonial agents frequently insisted that a prime motive for establishing the reserve system was to encourage Aboriginal peoples to adopt agriculture. Yet many Aboriginal peoples found themselves displaced to lands generally unsuitable for agriculture, such as rocky areas with poor soil quality or steep slopes.
How the Indian Act affect First Nations?
Under the Indian Act, First Nations women were also banned from voting and running in Chief and Council elections. The oppression of First Nations women under the Indian Act resulted in long-term poverty, marginalization and violence, which they are still trying to overcome today.
How did the pass system affect First Nations?
The pass system was in effect for 60 years on reserves across western Canada. It meant that any First Nations person who wanted to leave their community, for any reason, had to have a pass approved by the reserve’s Indian agent that they would carry with them, stipulating the leave’s purpose and duration.
What powers did the pass system give the government?
According to the Pass Law, government officials possessed the power to expel the worker from the area by adverse endorsement in the passbook. This technique was known as ‘endorsing out’ and could be carried out at any time and for any reason. Officials were not required to provide an explanation for their actions.
What was the purpose of the pass laws?
The purpose of the pass laws was to control the influx of black people to the major metropolitan areas, (which for decades were seen as part of “white South Africa”) according to government ideology, and to encourage blacks to remain in their own homeland areas, which constitute approximately 13% of the total land area …
Is the handle to spray the contents?
A – Aim the extinguisher at the base of the fire. S – Squeeze the handle to spray the contents. S – Sweep from side to side until all of the flames have been extinguished. Keep spraying to avoid re-ignition until extinguisher contents have been fully discharged.
Why was the pass system created?
The pass system was a way of controlling the movement of Indigenous people. It aimed to prevent large gatherings, seen by many White settlers as a threat to their settlements. Colonial officials also believed that the pass system would prevent another conflict like the Northwest Resistance.
What was a pass book?
Passbooks were used in apartheid South Africa to classify anyone who wasn’t white. … Every family was affected in some way or another, with at least one family member in jail during apartheid. The passbooks were also to be signed by the individuals’ (white) employer, who reported on employees’ behavior every week.
What does the A in pass stand for?
Pull, Aim, Squeeze, and SweepIt’s easy to remember how to use a fire extinguisher if you can remember the acronym PASS, which stands for Pull, Aim, Squeeze, and Sweep.
How did the First Nations lose their land?
To secure lands for these settlers the Imperial government initiated a process whereby the Natives surrendered most of their territory to the Crown in return for some form of compensation. With the Amerindians’ loss of their land came the loss of their former fishing, hunting and gathering grounds.
Why are reserves so poor?
In addition to poverty rates, reservations are hindered by education levels significantly lower than the national average. Poor healthcare services, low employment, substandard housing, and deficient economic infrastructure are also persistent problems.