Quick Answer: What Was The Pass System In South Africa?

What was the purpose of the pass laws?

The purpose of the pass laws was to control the influx of black people to the major metropolitan areas, (which for decades were seen as part of “white South Africa”) according to government ideology, and to encourage blacks to remain in their own homeland areas, which constitute approximately 13% of the total land area ….

What is a Dompas apartheid?

One such law was the ‘dompas’ which literally means ‘dumb pass’. All black people outside the confines of their government designated areas were legally required to carry passbooks, sometimes known as ‘reference’ books. Police officers could apprehend any black person and ask to see it.

Who created the pass system?

Alex WilliamsThe Pass System is an independent production by Alex Williams made with assistance from the Canada Council for the Arts, the Ontario Arts Council and the Toronto Arts Council, with many community supporters, produced in association with Tamarack Productions and distributed in Canada by VTape.

When was the pass system abolished?

1951The pass system was created in 1885, enforced into the 1940s, and repealed in 1951.

Why was the pass system created?

The pass system was a way of controlling the movement of Indigenous people. It aimed to prevent large gatherings, seen by many White settlers as a threat to their settlements. Colonial officials also believed that the pass system would prevent another conflict like the Northwest Resistance.

What was the economic and social impact of the Native Land Act of 1913?

It opened the door for white ownership of 87 percent of land, leaving black people to scramble for what was left. Once the law was passed, the apartheid government began the mass relocation of black people to poor homelands and to poorly planned and serviced townships.

What basic citizenship right was restricted under South African pass laws?

…Black wages, and relaxing the pass laws, which restricted the right of Blacks to live and work in white areas.

What did the Bantu Authorities Act do in 1952?

The law established a basis for ethnic government in African homeland reserve areas. All political rights (including voting) held by Africans were restricted to the designated homeland.

Why was the pass law passed in South Africa?

Pass laws in the Transvaal, or South African Republic, were intended to force Black people to settle in specific places in order to provide White farmers with a steady source of labour.

What was the purpose of the South African pass law quizlet?

Pass laws in South Africa were designed to segregate the population and limit severely the movements of the non-white populace. This legislation was one of the dominant features of the country’s apartheid system.

What were the main laws of apartheid?

List of apartheid segregationPopulation registration and segregation.Job reservation and economic apartheid.Segregation in education.Sexual apartheid.Land tenure and geographic segregation.Pass laws and influx control.Political representation.Separate development and bantustans.More items…

What is the pass system?

Using a Fire Extinguisher. … Discharge the extinguisher within its effective range using the P.A.S.S. technique (pull, aim, squeeze, sweep). Back away from an extinguished fire in case it flames up again.

What penalty would be given to a black sixteen year old or older if he failed to produce his reference book?

If a reference book has been issued to him but he fails to produce it because it is not in his possession at the time, he commits a criminal offence and is liable to a fine not exceeding ten pounds or imprisonment for a period not exceeding one month. . . . 7b Under the Union of South Africa Act No.

What was the pass law in South Africa?

The Pass Laws Act of 1952 required black South Africans over the age of 16 to carry a pass book, known as a dompas, everywhere and at all times. The dompas was similar to a passport, but it contained more pages filled with more extensive information than a normal passport.

When did the pass laws end in South Africa?

On July 23, 1986, as part of a process of removing some apartheid laws, the South African government lifted the requirement to carry passbooks, although the pass law system itself was not yet repealed. The system of pass laws was formally repealed retroactive on April 23, 1986, with the Abolition of Influx Control Act.

How did the Population Registration Act affect people’s lives?

The Population Registration Act of 1950 required the people of South Africa to register their racial identity with the Office for Racial Classification. A persons race would fall into one of three categories, white, black or coloured, depending on their physical characteristics or social standing.

What was a pass book?

Passbooks were used in apartheid South Africa to classify anyone who wasn’t white. … Every family was affected in some way or another, with at least one family member in jail during apartheid. The passbooks were also to be signed by the individuals’ (white) employer, who reported on employees’ behavior every week.