Are Brownfields Dangerous?

What is a brownfield grant?

EPA’s Brownfields Program provides grants and technical assistance to communities, states, tribes and others to assess, safely clean up and sustainably reuse contaminated properties..

What are the advantages of brownfield sites?

Redeveloping a Brownfield site not only boosts the economy by creating jobs and lifting property prices, but it improves the environment and creates a safer, healthier space. Bringing a Brownfield site back into use prevents ‘urban sprawl’ thereby reducing traffic.

What is a contaminated brownfield?

But in simpler terms, a brownfield is just land (previously developed for commercial or industrial purposes) that has possibly been compromised by something harmful. … The contamination in a brownfield occurs in low concentrations, sort of a step below a Superfund. Brownfields are extremely common.

Who owns Brownfield?

According to the Estates Gazette’s analysis of the data the LLC has identified 39,589 brownfield sites in London. Of these sites, 93% are owned by local councils and the remainder are owned by public bodies, such as the NHS or Transport for London.

What is the most common contaminant found in brownfields?

Some of the most common contaminants identified at Brownfield sites are from fuels such as oil, gasoline, diesel and kerosene from underground storage tanks, floor drains, outside storage of barrels and machinery, and cleaning solvents.

Who is responsible for cleaning up brownfields?

EPA, other federal agencies, states or municipalities, or the company or party responsible for the contamination may perform cleanups. Cleanup can also include site reuse and redevelopment.

What is an example of a brownfield?

Common examples are abandoned gas stations, dry cleaners, industrial properties, strip malls, and commercial properties where chemicals have been used, transported or stored.

How can Brownfields be redeveloped and what is the benefit to doing so?

Brownfield redevelopment ensures that contaminated land is cleaned up and restored. Many existing brownfield sites are contaminated as a result of past industrial or commercial uses. … These contaminants may create significant health and safety risks for those who live and work close to brownfield properties.

What are the disadvantages of brownfield sites?

DisadvantagesHave to be cleared or destroy what the land was orginally used for.Less space for gardens.Dont have much choice on what to build.Buying land is expensive.May 17, 2014

What determines a brownfield site?

Definition of a Brownfield Site With certain legal exclusions and additions, the term “brownfield site” means real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant.

What is the difference between a brownfield and a Superfund site?

The difference between the two is that superfunds are EPA-involved and are sites on the NPL, the nation’s worst hazard sites. Brownfields are usually abandoned industrial and commercial facilities, and cleanup does not involve the EPA.

What agencies are involved in brownfields?

Key players include: state environmental agencies, state economic development and planning agencies, citizen and community groups, commercial lenders, technical consultants, legal counsel, local government agencies, developers, investors, real estate professionals, local community development corporations, and federal …

Why are brownfield sites bad?

Brownfield sites are often contaminated with hazardous pollutants, which hinder their full potential usage. Revitalizing these sites would prove to be beneficial for the surrounding neighborhoods, positively impacting the environment and society.

Can you build on a brownfield site?

That’s the theory, but in practice it is possible to gain planning permission on brownfield sites in countryside, particularly if they’re a nuisance or an eyesore. Plots on the edge of settlements are often the first place councils consider for new housing (if that settlement is set to expand).

How do brownfields affect the environment?

Brownfields can also directly impact public and environmental health due to contamination that can pollute soil, air, and water resources on- and off-site. People might be exposed to these hazards by walking on the site, by wind carrying contamination off of the site, or by drinking groundwater affected by the site.